Global Piracy and Armed Robbery Incidents at Lowest Level in Decades: IMB

Charts via International Maritime Bureau.

During the first half of 2022, the International Chamber of Commerce’s International Maritime Bureau (IMB) received the lowest number of reported incidents for the first half of any year since 1994, which the IMB is calling a testament to its pivotal role in raising awareness to make waters safer.

IMB’s latest global piracy report, which was released July 12, details 58 incidents of piracy and armed robbery against ships – the lowest total since 1994 – down from 68 incidents during the same period last year. In the first six months of 2022, IMB’s Piracy Reporting Center reported 55 vessels boarded, two attempted attacks and one vessel hijacked.

“Not only is this good news for the seafarers and the shipping industry it is positive news for trade which promotes economic growth,” IMB Director Michael Howlett said. “But the areas of risk shift and the shipping community must remain vigilant. We encourage governments and responding authorities to continue their patrols which create a deterrent effect.”

The IMB PRC is continuing to caution against complacency, as vessels were boarded in 96% of the reported incidents.

“Despite no crew kidnappings reported during this period, violence against and the threat to crews continues with 23 crew taken hostage and a further five crew threatened,” the IMB said in a statement.

Cautious Gains in Gulf of Guinea

Of the 58 incidents, 12 were reported in the Gulf of Guinea, 10 of which defined as armed robberies and the other two as piracy. In early April, a Panamax bulk carrier was attacked and boarded by pirates 260 nautical miles off the coast of Ghana.

“This illustrates that despite a decrease in reported incidents, the threat of Gulf of Guinea piracy and crew kidnappings remains,” the IMB said.

The organization said it has urged coastal response agencies and independent international navies to continue efforts to ensure this crime is permanently addressed in these waters which account for 74% of crew taken hostage globally.

Vessels continue to be targeted and boarded by local perpetrators when transiting the Singapore Straits, which account for over 25% of all incidents reported globally since the start of the year. The perpetrators were successful in boarding the vessels in all 16 incidents reported, according to the Maritime Bureau.

“While considered low level opportunistic crimes, crews continue to be at risk with weapons reported in at least six incidents,” the IMB stated.

Outside the Singapore Straits, the Indonesian archipelagic has seen a slight increase in reported incidents for the first time since 2018, data show, with seven incidents being reported compared to five over that same period last year.

Five vessels were boarded at anchor and one each while the vessels were at berth and steaming. Weapons were reported in at least three incidents with one crew reported threatened.

Gulf of Aden Threat Subsists

Although no incidents were reported there since the start of the year, the threat of piracy still exists in the waters off the southern Red Sea and in the Gulf of Aden, which include the Yemeni and Somali coasts, according to the Maritime Bureau.

“Although the opportunity for incidents has reduced, the Somali pirates continue to possess the capability and capacity to carry out incidents, and all merchant ships are advised to adhere to the recommendations in the latest best management practices, while transiting in these waters,” the IMB stated.

A PDF summarizing the full global piracy report is available at